In November 2016, The Psychiatric Times published my article, co-written with Deborah R. Simkin, M.D.
Meditation can be divided into 5 types (Table 1). Mindfulness falls under the category of focused attention, which has recently received considerable attention.
Since the 1990s, mindfulness meditation has been studied in healthy groups and increasingly in clinical populations in adults. The research is quite robust in adults with depression and anxiety, but research in youths with the same conditions is just starting. Jon Kabat-Zin brought mindfulness into the clinical realm with mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Defining this state of mind, he shared this awareness that emerges through purposeful attention, in the present moment, and nonjudgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment by moment.1 With the possible exception of sleep, all that we do each day can be done mindfully.